Satyajit Ray – Indian director, scriptwriter, critic, author, and composer. Ray is the only Indian director to date to gain prominence in the Western world. Satyajit Ray (Bengali: [ˈʃɔtːodʒit ˈrai̯] (); 2 May – 23 April ) was an Indian Bengali filmmaker, screenwriter, graphic artist, music composer and author, widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century. Ray was born in Calcutta into a Bengali Pandit family which was prominent in the field of arts and literature. Satyajit Ray began his filmmaking career by offering a vision of the young Apu, the character he would go on to follow throughout the three films of his stunning breakthrough epic. Nov 22, · The Apu Trilogy isn’t just a foundational text of international arthouse cinema, but also one of the best showcases of an artist’s swift maturation. Image/Sound. Criterion's restoration work is always worthy of praise, but in the case of Satyajit Ray's films, they have been showcases for the company's preservation efforts.5/5. Satyajit Ray [2 May – 23 April ) was an Indian filmmaker, regarded as one of the greatest auteurs of world cinema. Ray was born in the city of Calcutta into a Bengali family prominent in the world of arts and literature.
Ray was born in Calcutta into a Bengali Pandit family which was prominent in the field of arts and literature. Starting his career as a commercial artist, Ray was drawn into independent filmmaking after meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir and viewing Vittorio De Sica 's Italian neorealist film Bicycle Thieves during a visit to London. Ray directed 36 films, including feature films, documentaries and shorts. He was also a fiction writer, publisher, illustrator, calligrapher, music composer, graphic designer and film critic.
He authored several short stories and novels, meant primarily for young children and teenagers. Feluda , the sleuth, and Professor Shonku , the scientist in his science fiction stories, are popular fictional characters created by him. He was awarded an honorary degree by Oxford University. Refresh with new selections below purge Selected general articles Jana Aranya English: The World of Apu Bengali: It is the third part of The Apu Trilogy , about the childhood and early adulthood of a young Bengali named Apu in the early twentieth century Indian subcontinent.
The film is based on the last two-thirds of the Bengali novel , Aparajito , by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay. Released in , The World of Apu focuses on Apu's adult life, and also introduces the actors Soumitra Chatterjee and Sharmila Tagore , who would go on to appear in many subsequent Ray films.
The World of Apu has been influential across the world and is frequently listed among the greatest films of all time. Mitter, is a fictional Bengali private investigator starring in a series of Bengali novels of Indian fictional detective novels and short stories written by Indian Bengali film director and writer Satyajit Ray. Feluda first made his appearance in a Bengali children's magazine called Sandesh in , under the editorialship of Satyajit and Subhas Mukhopadhyay.
Satyajit Ray’s ‘The Apu Trilogy’ on FilmStruck
His first adventure was Feludar Goendagiri. Feluda is often accompanied by his cousin Tapesh Ranjan Mitra affectionately called Topshe by Feluda , who serves as the narrator of the stories.
It is the first part of the Calcutta trilogy. Set during the period of the Naxalite movement in Bengal , Pratidwandi tells the story of Siddharta, an educated middle-class man caught up in the turmoil of social unrest.
Corruption and unemployment is rampant, and Siddhartha cannot align himself with either his revolutionary activist brother or his career-oriented sister.
The film is known for experimenting with techniques such as photo-negative flashbacks. The film is about an upper class Bengali family on vacation in Darjeeling , a popular hill station and resort, near Kanchenjunga. The film is considered as one the greatest films ever made. Chiriakhana or Chiriyakhana Bengali: The screenplay is written by Satyajit Ray. The film was once considered Ray's worst film because of its complex plot, but nowadays many intellectuals and film experts consider it Ray's most brilliant movie.
The flexible acting of Uttam Kumar in the movie was praised by many critics at that time. Professor Shonku is a fictional scientist created by Satyajit Ray — in a series of Bengali science fiction books published from His full name is Trilokeshwar Shonku, and by occupation, he is an inventor. He is the son of Dr.
It was the fourth feature film directed by Ray. The shooting was done at Nimtita Raajbari, in Nimtita village, 10 kilometres from Murshidabad. Goopy Bagha Phirey Elo Bengali: It was directed by Sandip Ray and written by his father Satyajit Ray. This film was released eleven years after its predecessor. The title means "Three Girls", and the film's original Indian release contained three stories. However, the international release of the film contained only two stories, missing out the second "Monihara: However, there are now DVD versions available that contain all three films.
Sikkim is a Indian documentary about the nation of Sikkim , directed by Satyajit Ray. The documentary was commissioned by the Chogyal King of Sikkim at a time when he felt the sovereignty of Sikkim was under threat from both China and India. Ray's documentary is about the sovereignty of Sikkim. The film was banned by the government of India, when Sikkim merged with India in In , the copyright of the film was transferred to the Art and Culture Trust of Sikkim.
In November the director of the Kolkata film festival stated that upon screening the documentary for the first time, he received an injunction from the court of Sikkim again banning the film.
Ray prepared a script for it in the s, long before he made his first film Pather Panchali. It deals with a subject that has often appeared in Ray's work: Aranyer Din Ratri Bengali: It is based upon the Bengali novel of the same name by Sunil Gangopadhyay.
It was one of the earliest films to employ the literary technique of the carnivalesque. A sequel Abar Aranye directed by Goutam Ghose was released in The Philosopher's Stone; French: La Pierre Philosophale is a Bengali language Indian fantasy comedy film. It was Satyajit Ray 's first film outside of the Apu Trilogy.
It was also his first comedy and first magical realist film. Adapted from a short story of the same name by Parasuram Rajsekhar Bose , the film offered an early glimpse of Ray's sense of humour, centered on a middle-class clerk who accidentally discovers a stone that can turn other objects into gold.
The film was released on 19 December It is the first film which stars Abir Chatterjee as Feluda. This was going to be a reboot to previous Feluda film series after Royal Bengal Rahashya. It was declared by Sandip Ray instead of continuing the reboot series he will continue the previous Feluda film series after Royal Bengal Rahashya and Sabyasachi Chakrabarty will return as Feluda and Shaheb Bhattacharya will return as Topshe.
There will be two stories in the new film and the film is named Double Feluda. This is going to be a sequel of Royal Bengal Rahashya and the movie is a 50 years tribute to Feluda. For the cancellation of the reboot series Badshahi Angti is now considered as a stand-alone reboot film. It is based on Satyajit Ray 's short story of the same name. Royal Bengal Rahashya Bengali: The film was released on 23 December It was the fifth big screen Feluda adaptation of Sandip Ray in the Feluda new film series Continuity of the original Feluda films of 70's and was the sequel to Gorosthaney Sabdhan.
After the demise of Bibhu Bhattacharya Jatayu , Sabyasachi Chakrabarty declared that he would not be playing Feluda anymore. But the reboot series was cancelled by Sandip Ray in March, He revealed instead of continuing the reboot series he will continue the previous Feluda film series and he will make a sequel of this movie named Double Feluda which is heading to a Christmas release in December, The movie will be a tribute to 50 years of Feluda.
Hirak Rajar Deshe Bengali: A unique aspect of the film is that most of the dialogues exchanged by the protagonists of the film are rhyming. The only person who did not speak in rhyme was the teacher, symbolizing that though the thoughts of everybody else are bound, the teacher was a free-thinker.
The film was followed by the third film of the series directed by Satyajit Ray's son, Sandip Ray.
The Apu Trilogy
Pikoo is a Bengali short film directed by Satyajit Ray for a French television channel, France 3. The film showcases a day in the life of a six-year-old child, Pikoo, in the backdrop of his mother's extramarital affair. Satyajit Ray was approached by the freelance producer Henri Fraise to make a film.
Ray said in his biography that, when Henri Fraise approached him to make a film, he briefed Ray by saying "[ Rabindranath Tagore is a black-and-white short film directed by an Indian director Satyajit Ray on the life and works of noted Bengali author Rabindranath Tagore.
Ray started working on the documentary in the beginning of and it was released during the birth centenary year of Rabindranath Tagore, who was born on 7 May Ray avoided the controversial aspects of Tagore's life in order to make it as an official portrait of the poet.
Though Tagore was known as a poet, Ray did not use any of Tagore's poetry as he was not happy with the English translation and believed that "it would not make the right impression if recited" and people would not consider Tagore "a very great poet", based on those translations.
Satyajit Ray has been reported to have said about the documentary Rabindranath Tagore in his biography Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye by W. Andrew Robinson that, "Ten or twelve minutes of it are among the most moving and powerful things that I have produced". Often regarded as polymath , author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", Tagore became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in The first ten lines of another Tagore song, " Amar Shonar Bangla " were adopted in as the Bangladesh 's national anthem.
It is based on Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay 's Bengali novel of the same name and is Ray's directorial debut. The first film in the Apu trilogy , Pather Panchali depicts the childhood of the protagonist Apu Subir Banerjee and his elder sister Durga Uma Dasgupta and the harsh village life of their poor family. Production was interrupted because of funding problems and it took nearly three years for the film to be completed.
The film was shot mainly on location , had a limited budget , featured mostly amateur actors, and was made by an inexperienced crew. The sitar player Ravi Shankar composed the film's soundtrack and score using classical Indian ragas. Subrata Mitra was in charge of the cinematography while editing was handled by Dulal Dutta. Following its premiere on 3 May during an exhibition at New York's Museum of Modern Art , Pather Panchali was released in Calcutta later the same year to an enthusiastic reception.
Critics have praised its realism, humanity, and soul-stirring qualities while others have called its slow pace a drawback, and some have condemned it for romanticising poverty.
Scholars have commented on the film's lyrical quality and realism influenced by Italian neorealism , its portrayal of the poverty and small delights of daily life, and the use of what the author Darius Cooper has termed the "epiphany of wonder", among other themes.
The twenty minutes documentary features the life and works of Mukherjee in the form of paintings and photographs, starring himself. The documentary covers his journey from childhood till his blindness along with much of his works and features his words, "Blindness is a new feeling, a new experience, a new state of being". Mukherjee is known as the most informed Indian artist of his generation and a legend of modern Asian Art.