Essay test measure Higher Level Thinking Questions that test higher level processes such as Analysis Synthesis Evaluation Creativity 5. Distinctive Feature of Essay Test The distinctive feature of essay type test is the “freedom of response”. Essay Questions Test Higher-Level Learning Objectives Unlike objective test items that are ideally suited for testing students’ broad knowledge of course content in a relatively short amount of time, essay questions are best suited for testing higher-level learning. Integrate course objectives into the essay items Specify and define what mental process you want the students to perform (e.g., analyze, synthesize, compare, contrast, etc.). Feb 09, · 3. Essay items are good for testing small numbers of students. However, as the number of student increases, the advantage of essay test decreases. Disadvantages and Limitations of Essay Tests. 1. Essay questions are time consuming to teachers and students. Students often spend much time answering only one or two essay questions. Part of geometric thinking is the understanding of thinking in a critical manner and deducing answers given specific facts. In this way, geometry is a life-long skill. It is this type of thinking which is used to create new inventions or discover solutions to a variety of life's problems.
- Study Guides and Strategies
- Strengths and Dangers of Essay Questions for Exams
- Essay Test: Types, Advantages and Limitations | Statistics
Objective - requires answers of a word or short phrase, or the selection of an answer from several available choices that are provided on the test. Essay - requires answers to be written out at some length. The student functions as the source of information. An essay exam requires you to see the significance and meaning of what you know. It tests your knowledge and understanding of the subject and your skill in reading and writing.
To be successful on an essay exam, you must: Prove immediately that you know the material. Make your meaning unmistakably clear. Employ a reasonable organization and show sufficient thought development. Make every word count.
Use your own voice and style.
Study Guides and Strategies
When you are writing an essay as part of an exam, all this must be done within what amounts to a first draft written in a very limited amount of time. As with all writing, if you think of your essay as being produced in three stages, you can tackle the test in an organized fashion.
The three stages are pre-writing, writing, and revision. Suggestions for each of these stages follow.
The last section addresses preparation for essay exams. You can't successfully address the subject until you know precisely what you're required to do, you understand and have thought about the subject, and you are organized in how you approach the specific points you wish to make in your answer.
Understanding what to do: When you get your copy of the exam, read through to make sure you understand what is expected of you. Underline or circle key words that direct the approach your answer should take. Some of the most common key words are: State your position and support it with facts Comment or Evaluate: State your position and support it with facts, discussing the issue and its merits.
Break down into all the parts or divisions looking at the relationships between them. Show differences and similarities. Tell why something is as it is. Give examples and relate them to the statement in question. Demonstrate why something is true. Explain the significance or meaning of something. Make a list of points or facts. Hit the high points. Understanding the subject When you are confident that you understand the instructions, direct your attention to the topic.
Make sure it is a strong, concise statement that specifically addresses the question. Think of as many specific details and facts as you can that support the thesis. Getting organized Jot your ideas down on paper, in very brief format. Evaluate your ideas in light of the question.
Number your ideas in order of appropriate sequence first step to last step, most important to least important, etc. Now stick to it, referring back to it periodically throughout your essay. This gives your essay unity and coherence, and helps insure that you are not digressing. Write in an orderly fashion. If you suddenly think of a new point, jot it down in a margin or on scratch paper until you find an appropriate place for it. Don't just put it into the middle of what you were writing.
Repeating, in other words, what you have already said. Digressing into material that does not answer the question. Language that is too broad or general. This far too common practice of using elegant but empty language to conceal ignorance or lack of effort rarely works, and often irritates the reader s. Write as legibly as you can. If you want, write on every other line so you have room to add later. When you want to cross something off, simply draw a straight line through it. This is much better than scribbling out an entire passage.
If you run out of time, simply write "Ran out of time" at the close of the essay. This is much better than adding a hurriedly tacked on, and possibly incoherent, conclusion. REVISION Essay examinations are difficult because of the time pressures, yet you should always try to leave a few minutes at the end to proofread your essay.
Ask yourself, before you hand in the essay: Did I provide the information requested? That is, did I "explain" or "define" as the directions asked? Is the answer simply, clearly, and logically organized? Do I stick to my thesis statement? Is there unnecessary information in here? Gives you a chance to catch and correct errors in content. Gives you a chance to correct your mechanical errors.
Allows you to add material that may have occurred to you after writing the essay. You should proofread for: Complete sentences watch for fragments, comma-splices, and run-ons. Words omitted, or one word used when you meant another.
Strengths and Dangers of Essay Questions for Exams
Logical transitions between sentences and paragraphs. Unnecessary repetition of words or ideas. Essay type tests depend a great deal on your basic writing skills - organization, punctuation, grammar, and spelling. If your answer is not clearly written, your instructor won't be able to find it!
Here are some basic guidelines to keep in mind as you take an essay test: Read the directions carefully!
Read every part of the directions! Give yourself time to answer each question. Quickly look over the entire exam and budget your time per question accordingly. Above all, stay calm. You are being asked to show competence, not perfection.
If you are not too sure about one question, leave it and go back. When given a choice, answer the questions you know best. State your points and support ideas clearly - don't make the instructor have to look for them. Go back to check and proofread all of your answers. Study regularly as you go along. Take careful lecture notes. Read all material when assigned. Become familiar with vocabulary.
Keep a study list of all main ideas. Final preparation Review lecture notes and reading material.
Essay Test: Types, Advantages and Limitations | Statistics
Find a classmate or friend willing to talk over key ideas and implications. Try to anticipate questions. This is very important!
Use your lecture notes to zero in on points that the instructor emphasized. Think through the material and write up the best possible essay questions you can. Then answer those questions. Pinpoint key points that you would like to make when answering each question. Put your answer into outline form or write it out completely. For each potential test question, use mnemonics or other memory techniques to move the information to your long-term memory for the exam.
Create a list of the clue words for each point you wish to make. Create a mnemonic device to memorize those points.
Come to the exam confident that you have something specific to say on all possible topics. Look for qualities or characteristics that resemble each other.