Macbeth and the Witches Essay example - Macbeth: The Witches’ Responsibility for Macbeth’s Actions The three witches that are introduced at the beginning of the play are responsible for the introduction of the ideas that caused Duncan’s death and Macbeth’s destruction but not for Macbeth. Warning: Macbeth is supposed to upset people. It shows life at its most brutal and cynical, in order to ask life's toughest question. This page deals with all this without apology. The tragic hero is a longstanding literary concept, a character with a Fatal Flaw (like Pride, for example) who is doomed to fail in search of their Tragic Dream despite their best efforts or good intentions. This trope is rare on television, perhaps because watching someone fail once teaches a lesson, while watching them fail every Tuesday gets boring — though that didn't stop shows like. Shakespeare's Sources for Macbeth (cont.) Notable changes were made by Shakespeare in his depiction of Holinshed's three weird sisters, and it is apparent that the alterations were implemented partially to instill trepidation in the audience. Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store. Free English School Essays. We have lots of essays in our essay database, so please check back here frequently to see the newest additions.
This trope is rare on television, perhaps because watching someone fail once teaches a lesson, while watching them fail every Tuesday gets boring — though that didn't stop shows like Arrested Development or the so-inappropriately-titled Good Times , no matter how hard they Yank the Dog's Chain.
It is more common in Mini Series and anime dramas, where the program's entire run can be dedicated to one or more Story Arcs that lead to the Tragic Hero's ultimate failure. You'll most likely find this in the Theatre , where the trope was born and codified. A Tragic Hero can work as a protagonist or an antagonist. As an antagonist, their goals are opposed to the protagonist's, but the audience still feels sympathetic towards them. By the time a Tragic Hero antagonist is defeated, the protagonist feels sympathetic to the Tragic Hero, and a little bad about having to capture them.
It is acceptable and common to defeat a Tragic Hero antagonist by stopping them from achieving their goal, but otherwise letting them go free. Tragic Hero antagonists are rarely killed, except when death is seen by the Tragic Hero as an honorable end which is preferable to capture.
The origin of the term itself is a slight case of Newer Than They Think. It's usually attributed to Aristotle and his Poetics , but it really comes from Renaissance Italian and French commentators on Aristotle, who elaborated on their very general ideas about character through a humanistic lens. Aristotle only says that seeing a prosperous person fall is a good source of pathos, and that it's more pathetic to see a not-entirely-bad person suffer due to a mistake than to see wholly good people suffer for reasons beyond their control.
That said, Aristotle's favorite tragedy, Oedipus the King , is a good example of this trope, so the trope itself is definitely Older Than Feudalism. Contrast Byronic Hero , who has numerous, celebrated flaws. Contrast Karma Houdini , a villain who gets away with their evil deeds. It's brought up to him several times in the series that he's fighting a losing battle against mafia don Dino Golzine, and that his attachment to Eiji is a Fatal Flaw that endangers both of them.
In the end, it's not Golzine who kills him, it's a friend of Chinese gangster Sing. Eiji survives the series, but is shown to never really get over the death of his soulmate. Even though she finally kills the guy who tormented her in the movie, it turns out that said guy is in love with her and everything that he did is for her survival, regardless that he tormented and killed a lot of people along the way.
Code Geass The noble yet vicious Lelouch and the heroic but ruthless Suzaku save the world only by turning against their own principles. The idealistic Princess Euphemia whom Lelouch accidentally Geassed into committing mass murder. His final actions were specifically aimed at making himself look like the bigger villain than her.
Poor, poor Chiaki Nanami of Danganronpa 3. She's very similar to The Hero , Makoto Naegi, in that they're both sweet, optimistic individuals who serve as The Heart and hold The Power of Friendship in high regard. What separates her from him is that she lacks his luck, and as such she can't escape the consequences of such an attitude in Dangan Ronpa's dark setting even he barely avoids them.
Not only does she fail to succeed in any of her goals, her one big attempt to be The Hero ends in her classmates being brainwashed into evil and her being tortured to death. The series basically lets her think she's building up to greatness before slapping her in the face with Reality Ensues as brutally as possible. Light Yagami can be seen as this. His desire for justice in an unfair world quickly turns into Black and White Insanity.
Unlike most examples, though, he gets a chance to redeem himself, although he believes he never can. Arguably, Lucy from Elfen Lied. By the end of the anime, she even admits that both Diclonii and humans are too proud to surrender and live peacefully with each other.
While she is on the villains' side, Atalanta actually fulfilled this role: She loved children and wished for nothing more than a world where children were loved. She got summoned into a world that is nothing like what she dreamed of, the children she wished to protect forming Jack the Ripper turned out to be beyond salvation, and chose to be exorcised by Jeanne d'Arc than saved by her own ways. Her love for children and her anguish at their passing drove her into madness and despair.
She coped with hating Jeanne, attempting to kill her and in process, discarded her reasoning and humanity to turn into a monster capable of killing Jeanne that had to be Mercy Killed by her friend Achilles, and he died from it too , but at the very least he succeeded to bring her humanity back before dying.
In the end, Atalanta's love for children proved not only to be her most apparent noble trait, but also the biggest cause of her downfall.
Let us tell the story of a certain man. The tale of a man who, more than anyone else, believed in his ideals , and by them was driven into despair. Kariya Matou also went as far as to sacrifice his life to protect someone and ultimately fails. This is a rare case where both protagonist and antagonist are tragic heroes.
Harry McDowell, in his search for power so that he will never have to lose anything, ends up becoming a power-hungry Bloody Harry and kills his best friend Brandon Heat, turning Brandon into Beyond the Grave.
The guilt over killing his best friend makes Harry slowly lose his sanity. On the other hand, Brandon Heat, who is loyal to the fault, cannot bring himself to stop Harry even when he knows Harry is obviously going down the wrong path and ends up getting killed. In a way, Brandon is also responsible for the deaths of his other loved ones as Brandon's death causes Harry to hunt down those whom Brandon holds dear as Harry reasons that those people "took Brandon from him".
At the end of the series, after destroying each other completely, both Brandon and Harry realize that the only time they were truly "free" was when they lived in a slum with three other friends whose deaths led Brandon and Harry to join the Millenion in the first place and decide to take the only way out: Ends very differently in the videogame— Harry allows Grave to kill him, and Grave survives the ordeal.
His only concern at that point is Mika's protection, so he leaves the city with her. Shu Ouma seemingly evolved into this, but it's implied that he's been one all along. His Fatal Flaw is kindness. He went through many betrayals, and completely shattered after Hare's death. And that is his Start of Darkness.
Mikael from I'm Gonna Be an Angel! Overall good-willed, but terribly misguided and with immense issues of self-denial. In the end, he did realize his wrongdoings and although it was implied that he will probably never become an angel as he would like to be, he eventually got recognized as a decent Or something like that. Kikyo and InuYasha , in regards to how their insecurities allowed Naraku to turn them against each other, kill Kikyo and make Inuyasha sleep for 50 years.
Oskar von Reuenthal from Legend of Galactic Heroes is one of the greatest examples found in anime, even if he's not the protagonist.
A Broken Ace who is almost as ambitious and brilliant as Kaiser Reinhard. He could become a great ruler, if he weren't simply outshone by Reinhard. Over the course of the series, his conflicting loyalty, ambition, jealousy, his traumatic past and especially his pride eventually lead to his downfall after he is forced into committing treachery. It should be mentioned that he never really became a villain right until the end, despite it all.
Most of the cast of Neon Genesis Evangelion. Notable are Gendo, whose inability to relate to people other than his "dead" wife leads him to destroy humanity as we know it in order to meet her again, and SEELE whose belief that humanity is unable to help each other deal with their flaws is their flaw.
Shinji is, surprisingly , an aversion: As a coping mechanism, she tried to become a hero who would uphold ideals. She believed in justice, but her growing resentment made her shift from protecting the innocent to punishing the wicked. When Sayaka realizes how she had come to contradict her earlier aspirations , all the hatred turns inward. It is precisely because of her unyielding nature that her spirit shatters.
Unable to forgive this transgression, she inflicts her own punishment: From her Soul Gem hatches a mermaid-knight, a being representing the love and righteousness that she had once valued. It's worth a note that the series itself is a nod to Goethe's Faust, and that Homura's character parallels the tragic hero of that story.
In it, Faust's ambition leads him to make a Deal with the Devil , and Homura's deal with Kyubey is a reference to this. She earns a little bit more sympathy, though, since she's doing it to save Madoka.
Even though the series touches on the idea, Rebellion Story really develops on Homura's role as a tragic hero, and is basically about her fatal flaw causing her descent into villainy. Ultimately, her undying love for Madoka and persistence to create what she deems a "perfect world" is what makes it a tragedy, and even though she's doing it all for good reasons, she becomes a Satanic Archetype.
By the end, we're all left wondering if this is Faust or Paradise Lost. Another reason that Homura will never succeed is because she would do anything- even die- to protect Madoka, and Madoka would do the same for Homura. The series' plot is shaped by their continual, endless sacrifices on behalf of the other person.
Utena Tenjou of Revolutionary Girl Utena seeks strength and nobility not for her sake, but to save another person whom she cannot even remember. However, the enemy she faces is vastly older, more powerful and more sophisticated than this year-old girl and manipulates her handily, turning her into the Tragic Hero through the final third of the series. Even so, Utena manages to pull off a win against him — confusing and puzzling, but a win nonetheless.
His overweening sense of determination and over-the-top Hot-Blooded -ness are integral to his success, yet in the end are what leads to his untimely death. Also, Lordgenome and even Rossiu to a degree. He originally rejects his Ghoul half, clinging to his humanity and idealism to the extent that he is rendered helpless. Eventually, he concludes that his kindness is actually weakness and abandons his humanity in order to become strong enough to protect everyone.
His quest for power, however, causes him to isolate the very people he seeks to protect and slowly destroys his sanity. He's eventually snapped out of this destructive spiral when Touka unleashes a "Reason You Suck" Speech , mocking him for acting like a "tragic hero" and calling him selfish.
But by then, it's too late and he loses control of his Superpowered Evil Side before being struck down by Arima. Subaru Sumeragi in X , oh so very, very much. His entire life came crashing down when he found out that the man he loved is actually a serial killer who murdered his twin sister later on.
It doesn't help that when he finally killed him only to find out that this was due to his sister's last spell which caused him to deflect from the final blow and whatever Seishiro's last words to him were really broke Subaru. Comic Books Batman is eaten up by guilt for not being able to save his parents even though he was just a boy and he resolves to make sure this never happens to anyone else again even if it takes the rest of his life. And in some adaptations, it does.
Overman from Mastermen 1 , or he may count as a Tragic Villain depending on your point of view. He began as a Nazi Superman , but he's actually incredibly guilt-ridden over what he did in their name, and realizes the world he created needs to be destroyed.
Morpheus, or Dream of the Endless, from The Sandman. His pride, his stubbornness and his fanatical devotions to his own duties as the aspect of Dream constantly conspire to make his life? In the end, he has to choose between changing or dying, and as it turns out, he is unable to change himself enough.