Gender Differences in Learning and Education Essay Words 9 Pages Gender differences occur in many aspects of a person’s life whether it is culture, politics, occupation, family and relationships, or the economy (just to name a few). Gender discrimination in education Essay. Thesis Statement. There are different conflicting theories for the gender differences in education. Gender Differences in Learning and Education - Gender differences occur in many aspects of a person’s life whether it is culture, politics, occupation, family and relationships, or . Course-taking patterns in high school foreshadow gender differences in higher education, where a high degree of sex segregation remains in terms of degrees and specializations. In the United States, women are concentrated in education, English, nursing, and some social sciences, and they are less likely than men to pursue degrees in science, math, engineering, and technology. Gender bias in education is reinforced through lessons, textbooks, and teacher interactions with students; as well as, through the resources teachers choose for classroom use. For example, textbooks that leave out contributions of women or those that stereotype gender roles.
Gender Difference Essays (Examples)
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Increasing female representation in primary and secondary education was cited as an important factor in promoting national economic development, and therefore seen as a vehicle for social change. Feminist scholars documented sex discrimination in educational experiences and outcomes, and this early work led to the passage of Title IX in , legislation that prohibited discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded educational programs.
Education and Gender Essay
During the s and s, women gained access to higher education and their share of college degrees climbed. Now women earn more undergraduate degrees than men. Despite this female advantage in college completion, women remain behind men in economic and social status, and a significant gender gap in pay remains.
Sex segregation within the educational system persists England and Li Research following Title IX documented a wide gender gap in course-taking during high school: Recent research suggests that these gaps are closing, and girls and boys now take similar numbers of math and science courses in high school. In addition, girls are now taking advanced courses such as calculus at comparable rates to boys.
However, girls are still less likely to take physics, and technology and computer courses remain highly gendered. Conversely, girls are more highly concentrated in literature and foreign language courses, and they tend to score higher than boys on verbal skills on standardized tests.
Course-taking patterns in high school foreshadow gender differences in higher education, where a high degree of sex segregation remains in terms of degrees and specializations. In the United States, women are concentrated in education, English, nursing, and some social sciences, and they are less likely than men to pursue degrees in science, math, engineering, and technology.
Research suggests that cultural beliefs contribute to sex segregation by limiting what women and men see as possible or appropriate options Correll Math, science, and technology are regarded as masculine subjects, and women are seen as ill-equipped for these fields.
Conversely, subjects such as language arts and nursing are perceived as feminine subjects.
Though sex typing in education appears to be a worldwide phenomenon, it varies in degree and scope. In countries where educational access is limited and reserved for members of the elite, women are often as likely as men to have access to all parts of the curriculum Hanson However, in countries with more extensive educational systems, women have lower rates of participation in science and technology, fields greatly valued because of their link to development and modernity.
They stress that boys remain behind in verbal skills, are over-represented in remedial and special education classes, and are more likely to drop out of school.
Gender Roles Essay
However, these negative outcomes tend to be concentrated among working-class boys and boys of color, suggesting that these problems may reflect race and class inequality rather than disadvantages affecting all boys AAUW Research on how the intersection of race, class, and gender shapes educational experiences and outcomes is thus an important direction for the future of the sociology of education.
The Facts about Gender Equity in Education. American Sociological Review Gender and Society