Essay Thomas Hobbes And John Locke. Hobbes and Locke are two popular political theorists in the field of political philosophy. They authored their respective books during times of revolution, however how they felt about said revolutions differed greatly. Locke vs Hobbes John Locke’s belief in natural rights are correct in terms of natural rights because he believes in freedom, in every sense of the word, equality and is a firm supporter in Democracy. Hobbes vs Locke Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke both developed theories on human nature, the state of nature, how men govern themselves and the dynamics of the social contract. With the passing of time, political views on the philosophy of government steadily changed. Contrasting Hobbes and Locke Nearly two-hundred and twenty-five years ago the United States of America chose to fight a Thomas Hobbes government, with the hope of forming a John Locke institution. Essay John Locke And Thomas Hobbes. Both John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were two extraordinary individuals; both lived through the be-heading of the king, the .
Locke can rightfully be considered once of the founding fathers in the philosophy of liberalism and had a gigantic influence over both Great Britain and America. Locke believed that man was a social animal by nature while Hobbes believed that man was not a social animal and that society would not exist were it not for the power of the state.
Locke, on the other hand, said the state exists to preserve the natural rights of its citizens.
Many other theorists during Hobbes lifetime called him a lunatic and crazy. Regardless of what it was, food, money or shelter, people were in competition, always. Government according to Hobbes was there to protect the citizens from themselves through force and intimidation. John Locke was much more passive and positive in outlook.
He posited that in general, people were innately more peaceful and willing to coexist rather than compete. Locke believed in the contractual relationships of the people and government.
Locke Vs Hobbes
Contracts such as the United States Constitution, for example. Hobbes believed life was amoral rather than immoral in a state of nature.
In other words, there is no moral difference between killing someone or letting them live. This is because by his way of thinking, literally anything goes when there is no government as in a natural state.
According to Hobbes the only function of government is to tell people how to act. But Locke thought citizens should have limits imposed upon them as to what they may or may not do.
Essay: The Difference Between Locke and Hobbes
Despite their contrasting opinions and styles, both men are seen as influential in shaping people , government and society in general. Thomas Hobbes was born in and lived most of his life in England. John Locke was in , also in England. Hobbes spent most of his life flourishing under a monarchy and believed that only the king should rule, and make laws. Locke, however, felt the people should have say in choosing their rulers.